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Open Access Article

Contemporary Nursing. 2022; 3: (3) ; 16-19 ; DOI: 10.12208/j.cn.20220073.

Psychological characteristics and nursing intervention discussion for patients with plastic surgery
整形美容手术患者心理特征与护理干预探讨

作者: 何倩*,

华中科技大学附属同济医院整形美容外科 湖北武汉

*通讯作者: 何倩,单位:华中科技大学附属同济医院整形美容外科 湖北武汉;

发布时间: 2022-05-13 总浏览量: 70

摘要

目的 讨论研究整形美容手术患者心理特征,为相关护理干预措施制定提供依据。方法 将2021年2月到2022年2月期间院内的68例整形美容患者纳入研究范围,利用心理状况调查问卷对所有患者心理状态进行调查,分析整形美容手术患者心理特征。结果 68例患者中,存在焦虑情绪的有60例,占比88.23%;存在抑郁情绪的有62例,占比91.17%;存在害怕情绪的有63例,占比92.64%;存在孤独感的有29例,占比42.64%;存在其他不良情绪的有31例,占比45.58%,有着较为严重的心理问题。且患者会受到疾病因素(45例,占比66.17%)、遗传因素(20例,占比29.41%)、社会文化因素(55例,占比80.88%)、手术因素(44例,占比64.70%)、生活环境(39例,占比57.35%)等多方面影响出现不良情绪。结论 整形美容手术患者存在较多负面情绪,比如焦虑、抑郁、害怕、孤独等,且主要会受到多方面因素影响,包括手术、社会文化、遗传、生活环境以及疾病等,需要进一步分析这些影响因素,为患者制定针对性的心理护理干预方案,才能帮助患者调整心态减少患者与医院之间矛盾纠纷发生风险。

关键词: 整形美容手术;心理特征;护理干预

Abstract

Objective To discuss the psychological characteristics of patients with plastic surgery, and provide a basis for the formulation of relevant nursing intervention measures.
Methods Incorporating 68 plastic surgery patients in the hospital from February 2021 to February 2022 were included in the research scope, and the psychological situation surveyed the psychological status of all patients to analyze the psychological characteristics of patients with plastic surgery.
Results 60 of the 68 patients had anxiety, accounting for 88.23%; 62 cases with depression, accounting for 91.17%; 63 cases of fear of emotions, accounting for 92.64%; 29 cases, accounting for 42.64%; 31 cases with other bad emotions, accounting for 45.58%, have more serious psychological problems. And patients will be subject to disease factors (45 cases, accounting for 66.17%), genetic factors (20 cases, 29.41%), social and cultural factors (55 cases, 80.88%), surgical factors (44 cases, 64.70, 64.70 %), The living environment (39 cases, 57.35%) and other aspects of the impact have adverse emotions.
Conclusion   has more negative emotions in patients with plastic surgery, such as anxiety, depression, fear, loneliness, etc., and will be mainly affected by various factors, including surgery, social culture, genetic, living environment, and disease. In order to formulate targeted psychological care intervention plans for patients, in order to help patients adjust their mentality and reduce the risk of contradictions between patients and hospitals.

Key words: Plastic surgery; Psychological characteristics; Nursing intervention

参考文献 References

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引用本文

何倩, 整形美容手术患者心理特征与护理干预探讨[J]. 当代护理, 2022; 3: (3) : 16-19.